128 days to 180 days

Baby Tracker 4

FEEDING YOUR BABY

  • Baby at this stage is susceptible to infections as the body defense mechanism is still building , therefore it is advisable that for the first 6 months baby should be fed only with breast milk.
  • No pre lacteal/para-lacteal feeds, no water for initial 6 months. Avoid bottle and pacifiers.
  • Feed only when baby shows some signs that he/she is hungry like:
    -  Putting hand or fingers in the mouth.
    -  Sucking, rooting and fussing.
  • Stop feeding when the baby's tummy is full. The signs which your baby shows are:
    -  Turning away.
    -  Keeping mouth away.
  • Make your baby burp after feeds to release little bubbles of air that become trapped in stomach. These bubbles can make baby uncomfortable and cranky and colicky. By burping your baby, you help to free up room in her tummy, so he/she can settle and feed for longer.
  • Consult your pediatrician regarding feeding options at least 2 weeks before joining work.

BABY DEVELOPMENT

  • By now the baby’s eyes have started following a pen/pencil. The baby now also responds by smiling.
  • By now the baby has started holding head steady and is able to roll from back to the side. Putting baby on its stomach helps development. This should be done one hour after feeding.
  • The baby now vocalizes with 2 or more syllables, and looks/turns head to voices or sound of toys.
  • Toys which are suitable for this age are – unbreakable mirror, soft books with high contrast patterns, activity bars, soft stuffed animals, squeaky rubber toys, colorful teething rings.
  • Encourage babbling and allow the child to move freely under your watch.
  • Shake a bell or a squeaky toy over his head. Encourage him to turn his head and find the sound.
    Sound producing toys are suitable for this age.

BABY MOTHER BONDING

  • Always maintain eye contact while talking with the baby. Encourage partner and siblings to talk or sing to the baby.
  • Place hanging toys on the crib just out of reach of baby’s hands to stimulate him to reach out and grasp the toy.
  • The baby should be carried astride (legs separated), to avoid falling out of your arms.
  • Set a time table to give your maximum time to the baby and practice routine activities like bathing, feeding, sleeping and playing. To make the baby sleep, sing songs or recite poems/stories to the baby.
  • Always put your baby to sleep on his/her back in a safe crib.
  • While in cradle:
    -  Baby's mattress should be lowered before he/ she tries to sit upright
    -  Sides of the crib/ cradle should always be closed/ up so that the baby doesn't fall off. 
    -  Do not use soft & loose bedding or toys such as quilts, pillows-like bumper pads as baby’s movement in crib is hindered.
  • Avoid keeping baby on bed. Baby can be placed on the clean floor, on a soft mattress covered by a sheet. This will encourage development and will avoid falls.
  • Put your baby on her tummy when playing and be watchful.
  • Teething may cause irritation in gum, for relief you should massage the gums with a little coconut oil applied on your fingers. Be careful of getting bitten.

SAFETY MEASURES

  • Your baby must be seated in a car safety seat while travelling.( the car safety seat should be preferably installed at the centre of a rear seat, facing backwards)
  • Never place a rear-facing car seat in the front seat of a vehicle that has an active air bag. If the air bag inflates, it can push against the car seat and cause a head injury to the baby.
  • Always keep your home, car and surroundings smoke free as it may cause suffocation to the baby.
  • Never drink and drive (neither with the baby nor without the baby) and always wear a seat belt while driving.
  • Baby should always be kept away from sharp and small objects and also from the toys of other grown up children.
  • Never eat/drink hot food / liquids near your baby or while holding your baby.
  • In order to avoid accidents like burns/ scalding / drowning while bathing :
    -  Always set your water heater at a temperature lower than 120 deg F i.e. 49 deg C approximately. 
    -  Always open cold water tap first for filling the bath tub and once the required level is reached close the hot water tap first followed by the cold one.
    -  Before giving bath to the baby check the temperature of the water by inserting your own elbow / wrist first. Ideal bath water temperature for infants is approximately 90-100 degree F i.e. 32-38 degree C.
    -  Fill the baby bath tub / basin with not more than 5 inches of water and gently place your baby in a propped up position, supporting the baby's head. The water level should not rise above the baby's waist.( a child can drown in as little as one inch of water and it takes only 3 minutes or less for a baby to drown

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